Value Chain Transformations: Business transformation measures that support realization of a circular production model." VALUE CHAIN TRANSFORMATIONS Business transformation measures that support realization of a circular production model. DESIGN PRODUCT SOURCE RAW MATERIALS PROCURE PACKAGING MANUFACTURE PRODUCT WAREHOUSE PRODUCT SELL PRODUCT IN MARKET CONSUMER PURCHASE CONSUMER N USES REFURBISH PRODUCT CONSUMER END-OF-USE CONSUMER RETURN END-OF-USE PRODUCT COLLECTION MATERIAL USE UPCYCLE DOWNCYCLE REVALORIZE PRODUCT DISPOSE OF PRODUCT WASTE-TO- ENERGY WASTE-TO-INPUT NEW PRODUCT/ NEW REVENUE STREAM $ $
  • Preference for natural fibers, bio-based materials, and recycled content
  • Incorporate modular design (for easy dismantling)
  • Streamline product design (e.g., snap or push-fit parts)
  • Avoid toxic components
  • Dematerialization
  • Material de-mixing/non-combining
    (i.e., blends)
  • Material substitution (reduced energy intensity)
  • Toxic component minimization (improved recyclability)
  • Recycled content sourcing
  • Source bio-based polymers and materials
  • Use highly recyclable options (e.g. PET)
  • Process substitution
    • Avoid pollutive steps
  • Reduce/Eliminate Chemical Use
    • Less noxious chemical types
    • Decrease number of chemicals needed
  • Co-locate production facilities
  • Conduct Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs)
    • By product category/class
    • By product type
  • Partner with 3rd-party reverse logistics partners
  • Open product repair service centers/retail locations
  • Prove-out product rental/leasing business models
  • Pursue co-location partnerships
  • Explore chemical recycling technology
  • License or invest in technical innovations
  • Pursue co-location partnerships
  • Explore chemical recycling technology
  • License or invest in technical innovations