Value Chain Efficiencies: Efficiency intervention measures that support GHG emissions reductions. VALUE CHAIN EFFICIENCIES Efficiency intervention measures that support GHG emissions reductions. DESIGN PRODUCT SOURCE RAW MATERIALS PROCURE PACKAGING MANUFACTURE PRODUCT WAREHOUSE PRODUCT SELL PRODUCT IN MARKET CONSUMER PURCHASE CONSUMER N USES REFURBISH PRODUCT CONSUMER END-OF-USE CONSUMER RETURN END-OF-USE PRODUCT COLLECTION MATERIAL USE UPCYCLE DOWNCYCLE REVALORIZE PRODUCT DISPOSE OF PRODUCT WASTE-TO- ENERGY CORPORATE HQ
  • Design Optimization
  • Waste Reduction
  • 3D (Additive) Manufacturing
  • Optimize weight & volume requirements

Transportation

  • Employ optimized freight routing
  • Improve aerodynamics of transport tractors & trailers
  • Maximize truckload volumes
  • Use predictive data on real-time
    traffic patterns
  • Switch to hybrid & electric trucking fleets
  • Execute "customer pick-up" models
  • Seek out "collaborative logistics" opportunities to maximize freight backfilling

Transportation

  • Employ optimized
    freight routing
  • Improve aerodynamics of transport tractors & trailers
  • Maximize truckload volumes
  • Use predictive data on
    real-time traffic patterns
  • Switch to hybrid & electric trucking fleets
  • Execute "customer
    pick-up" models
  • Seek out "collaborative logistics" opportunities to maximize freight backfilling

Transportation

  • Employ optimized freight routing
  • Improve aerodynamics of transport tractors & trailers
  • Maximize truckload volumes
  • Use predictive data on real-time
    traffic patterns
  • Switch to hybrid & electric trucking fleets
  • Execute "customer pick-up" models
  • Seek out "collaborative logistics" opportunities to maximize freight backfilling
  • Reduce water use
    • Recycle process water
    • Water desalination
    • High efficiency appliances
    • Compost toilets
  • Reduce energy use
    • Solar microgrids
    • On-site RE generation
    • Waste-to-Energy
  • Reduce water use
    • HE appliances
    • Greywater use for HVAC systems
      and toilets
  • Reduce energy use
    • LED lighting
    • Smart lighting systems
    • Programmable thermostats
    • Solar microgrids
    • On-site renewable energy generation
    • Waste-to-energy
    • Efficient HVAC systems
    • Thermal envelope upgrades
      and storage
    • Drain heat recovery mechanisms
    • Peak shaving
  • Automatize / Robotize fulfillment processes
  • Reduce water use
    • Refillable water stations
    • Watersense faucets & toilets
    • High efficiency appliances
    • Smart & drip irrigation
    • Xeriscape landscape
    • Bioswales & rain gardens
    • Roof gardens
    • Water cistern capture
    • Graywater reuse for HVAC systems & toilets
  • Reduce energy use
    • LED lighting
    • Dimmables
    • Smart lighting systems
    • Daylighting
    • Programmable thermostats
    • Efficient HVAC systems
    • Thermal envelope upgrades
      & storage
    • Drain heat recovery mechanisms
    • Peak shaving
  • Reduce waste
    • Buy reusables
    • Use durables
    • Recycle plastic, glass, paper & metals
    • Compost food waste
  • Reduce fossil fuel use
    • Renewable energy certificates (RECs)
    • Carbon offsets
    • Green tariffs
    • On-site generation
    • PPAs & vPPAs
    • Waste-to-Energy
    • Community solar &
      green bonds
    • Biogas digesters
  • Source renewable energy
    • PV Solar
    • Solar thermal
    • Micro-hydro
    • Small wind